Dating slovenia si

Carantania, being the most important, was elevated into the Duchy of Carinthia in 976.By the 11th century, the Germanization of what is now Lower Austria, effectively isolated the Slovene-inhabited territory from the other western Slavs, speeding up the development of the Slavs of Carantania and of Carniola into an independent Carantanian/Carniolans/Slovene ethnic group.In 2002, remains of pile dwellings over 4,500 years old were discovered in the Ljubljana Marshes, now protected as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, along with the Ljubljana Marshes Wooden Wheel, the oldest wooden wheel in the world.In the transition period between the Bronze age to the Iron age, the Urnfield culture flourished.In the 14th century, most of the territory of present-day Slovenia was taken over by the Habsburgs, the Hungarian clan Záh administering the territories connecting Slovenia with Slovakia and Moravia was exterminated in 1330 and the Slovenes permanently lost the connection with their Slovak kinsmen.The counts of Celje, a feudal family from this area who in 1436 acquired the title of state princes, were Habsburgs' powerful competitors for some time.During the same period Carniola, too, came under the Franks, and was Christianised from Aquileia.

The consolidation and formation of these historical lands took place in a long period between the 11th and 14th centuries, and were led by a number of important feudal families, such as the Dukes of Spannheim, the Counts of Gorizia, the Counts of Celje, and, finally, the House of Habsburg.In the mid-8th century, Carantania became a vassal duchy under the rule of the Bavarians, who began spreading Christianity.Three decades later, the Carantanians were incorporated, together with the Bavarians, into the Carolingian Empire.They were mostly Christianized by Irish missionaries, among them Modestus, known as the "Apostle of Carantanians".This process, together with the Christianization of the Bavarians, was later described in the memorandum known as the Conversio Bagoariorum et Carantanorum, which is thought to have overemphasized the role of the Church of Salzburg in the Christianization process over similar efforts of the Patriarchate of Aquileia.Consequently, the Frankish feudal system reached the Slovene territory.

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