This involves a process called imagery rescripting through which painful memories are revised in ways that allow for the patient to meet their needs.
Imagery is also often an important element of the change phase.
In the case of trauma, imagery rescripting involves a reworking of the emotional memories in the direction of meeting needs such as safety.
Flash cards contain written statements that are read by the patient in-between sessions.
Dialogues can also take place between the patient and imagined significant others for such purposes as reaching closure or practicing assertiveness.
Imagery work and chair work are frequently blended with one another.
Early maladaptive schemas can also include bodily sensations associated with such emotional memories.