Chief of State is the Supreme Leader, who exerts ideological and political control over the state, he controls the armed forces and makes decisions on security, defense and major foreign policy issues.Head of Government and head of the executive branch is the President, who is elected by popular vote for four years and can serve no more than two consecutive terms.There is a wider range of opinions online and in the press.Hossein Derakhshan, an Iranian writer and media analyst states that the Iranian government has matured in its understanding of how the media works.The empire also was frequently invaded, first by Alexander the Great, then by the Parthians, later ruled by the Hellenistic Seleucid Empire.Iran's hereditary monarch, Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, fled the country in 1979 after decades of corrupt and authoritarian rule, and mounting religious and political unrest. [show] In the elections of 19, former president Akbar Hashemi-Rafsanjani's support increased and at the presidential election of 1997 Mohammad Khatami, Rafsanjani's cultural adviser, succeeded him.
Literacy: 80% Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur.
Exports - commodities: petroleum 80%, chemical and petrochemical products, fruits and nuts, carpets, cement, ore Exports - partners: China 22.2%, India 9.9%, Turkey 8.4%, Japan 4.5% (2015) Imports - commodities: industrial supplies, capital goods, foodstuffs and other consumer goods, technical services Imports - partners: UAE 39.6%, China 22.4%, South Korea 4.7%, Turkey 4.6% (2015) Currency: Iranian Rial (IRR) Iran in Figures Iran key statistical data.
Political System In 1979, the country, known in the west as Persia, became the Islamic Republic of Iran, ruled by a theocratic government.
The country has a population of 79 million people (in 2017) . Other major cities are Mashhad, Isfahan, Karaj, Tabriz, Shiraz, Ahvaz, and Qom.
Spoken languages are Persian (Farsi, official), Kurdish, Azeri, Arabic, Baluchi. Background: Iran is historically known as Persia, the Persian Empire was one of the greatest empires of the ancient world with a series of imperial dynasties.
"They've constantly improved in their understanding of media, and its impact on society, especially since the foreign-based satellite televisions have started - the BBC Persian, and others.