73.) Concepts covered in this lesson, including geologic history, age dating, plate tectonics, timelines, and fossils are prerequisite concepts for understanding the theory of evolution, which is another topic taught at this grade level.One chapter called Fossil Succession, found in the online booklet Fossils, Rocks, and Time, is particularly useful in helping students understand that the basic idea of biological evolution is that the earth's present-day species developed from earlier, distinctively different species. 125.) Specifically, it helps students understand that the kinds of animals and plants found as fossils change over time.It is the intersection of the disciplines of paleontology (the study of ancient lifeforms) and anthropology (the study of humans).The species here are listed roughly in order of appearance in the fossil record (note that this ordering is not meant to represent an evolutionary sequence), except that the robust australopithecines are kept together. Australopithecus, Homo) which is always capitalized, and a specific name (e.g. Within the text, genus names are often omitted for brevity.
Later fossil finds indicated that Ramapithecus was more closely related to the orang-utan, and new biochemical evidence indicated that the last common ancestor of hominids and apes occurred between 5 and 10 million years ago, and probably in the lower end of that range (Lewin 1987).
The method most commonly used in archaeology is carbon dating.
Fossils are the remains of dinosaurs, prehistoric plants and other prehistoric creatures which lived millions of years ago.
If you'd like to emphasize some or all of the vocabulary, you could make a list of the terms found in the text ahead of time and ask students to record definitions as they read, building their own glossary.
Students could complete the Geologic Time Activity, on the Exploring the Environment website, in which they compare geologic time to the length of a football field, as well as take an in-depth look at the geologic time periods.
Students could read the entire text in one chunk, or you could break it up and ask guiding questions along the way.